What is Azoospermia

Azoospermia (commonly referred to as “No Sperm Count”) is a male fertility issue many men face. Azoospermia is defined as the complete lack of sperm in the ejaculate. It occurs in 5% of infertile men. If this is the case, then one or both of two conditions may be present (“causes”):

Azoospermia refers to a condition in which there is no measurable amount of sperm in the semen, which is usually discovered through semen analysis. A diagnosis of azoospermia doesn’t mean that conception is impossible. Many causes of azoospermia can be successfully treated to restore fertility.

Azoospermia Causes:

Azoospermia can be caused from a transport problem when there is a blockage that prevents sperm from mixing with semen (obstructive azoospermia), or from a problem with the production of sperm (non-obstructive azoospermia)

Sperm Transport Problems:

Sperm is transported from the testes to the urethra through a series of ducts, and blockages within these ducts can prevent sperm from mixing with the ejaculate before it leaves the body. Causes of these transport problems can include infections such as STDs, vasectomy, or a congenital absence of the vas deference (tubes that transport sperm to the urethra).

Sperm Production Problems:

Sperm production problems may be caused by a dysfunction within the testes resulting from hormonal imbalances, trauma, or a condition called cryptorchidism (undescended testicles)

• There is a problem with sperm production.

• There is a blockage such that sperm production, although normal, cannot reach the ejaculate

Low Sperm Count Causes

Low sperm count can be caused by innumerable, and sometimes unexplainable, factors; there are generally no predictable signs of low sperm count other than infertility. The causes of low sperm count include, but are not limited to, the following:

• Overheating of the testicles
• Stress (emotional, psychological, and physical)
• Drug use
• Smoking
• Nutritional deficiencies and obesity
• Environmental toxins

Contrary to popular belief, wearing tight pants or briefs is no longer considered a viable cause of oligospermia. However, it is still advisable to avoid restrictive, tight clothing if you and your partner are trying to conceive.

Low Sperm Count Fertility Treatment

In many cases, low sperm count and subsequent male infertility is only temporary- solutions like losing weight, quitting smoking, or avoiding hot baths and saunas can often lead to improvements in sperm count.